Four in ten adults in the UK formed a Christmas bubble to celebrate Christmas Day.
Around 44% of adults in England, Scotland and Wales said they had met up to two other households on December 25, the Office for National Statistics (ONS) said.
The same proportion said they had not done so, while 10% said it was not allowed in their area.
Families had hoped to take advantage of a five-day relaxation of social restrictions to meet family members and friends indoors.
But on the weekend before Christmas this was reduced to one day and completely removed for 18 million people in England in Tier 4 who weren’t allowed to meet people outside of their household or support bubble.
Scotland and Wales also limited Christmas bubbles to a single day.
The ONS analyzed 3,756 responses from adults aged 16 and over between December 22 and January 3, asking 2,320 people about their Christmas Day activities as part of its opinion and lifestyle survey.
During the holiday season, more than half (55%) of respondents said they stayed at home with their household.
One in five (20%) said they visited family or friends in their homes but did not stay overnight, while 15% said they received visitors who did not stay overnight.
Five percent said they had spent at least one night with family or friends, while 3 percent said they had taken in overnight guests.
Around one in five adults surveyed (18%) said it was very difficult or difficult to follow government rules during the holiday season.
Almost half (48%) of this group said this was because they had already made plans when the government changed its position on what was allowed during the holiday season.
About 42% said this was because they wanted to see family or friends on days other than December 25, and 35% said they wanted to keep up family or Christmas traditions.
The ONS also noted an increase in people who said they were likely or highly likely to have a coronavirus vaccine, with 85% of people reporting this.
This corresponds to 78% of those surveyed between December 10th and 13th.
The first vaccine to be approved was the Pfizer / BioNTech vaccine in early December.
The Oxford / AstraZeneca vaccine was approved on December 30th.
Seven percent of adults said they were very or fairly unlikely to take a vaccine if offered.
More than half (51%) said this was because they were worried about the side effects or long-term effects on their health, and 47% wanted to see how well the vaccine worked.