What is the process of creating a video? It indeed starts with imagination, but does it end once the video has been filmed and put together? Certainly not! The final and arguably most important phase of making a video is the phase of post-production. Post-production is the stage of the video when all the content that has been filmed is put together into a coherent stream of frames and then edited both for length and for quality. During post-production, several different software is required, since this stage of film making is done primarily by the technical staff involved in the making of the video. Post-production consists of several different people with different skill sets who work together to create the perfect video for the audience to take pleasure in.
What are the different elements of post-production?
The following list might enlighten you about some of them.
- First Cut: The first cut or the rough cut of your video is the initial part of post-processing. Many movie maker software can be used to create this video. This is the cut of your video, on top of which most of the further editing will be done. The first cut decides the order of the clips that have been filmed. The coherence and quality of the overall video depend on a significant part of the video’s rough cut. Many shots that have been taken are also rejected while creating the first cut since they are not compatible with the rest of the video.
- Picture Lock: The picture lock is the second stage of post-production when essentially the order of the clips has been decided. Once the pictures have been locked into place concerning the overall video, further editing may be done without changing the order of the clips that have been put together to form the video. The picture lock stage is a significant landmark during the post-production process and takes a long time to achieve. The rest of the post-production process takes a comparatively shorter time than the time up to achieving the picture lock. The video may also be run with the music and effects that are later incorporated into it so that the edits sync well.
- Sound Mixing: Not a lot of videos can realistically do with just one soundtrack. If you are putting a lot of clips together to create the video, it is only natural that more than one soundtrack will be included in the video. This is where the art of sound mixing comes into play. The soundtracks that are included in the video must not just be compatible with the visuals of the video, but also with each other. The transition from one soundtrack to another must be seamless. More importantly, if the video contains dialogues being spoken, the dialogues must be audible clearly.
- VFX: Visual effects are the computerized effects that are added on top of the video that has been shot by you. These effects can include text, transitions, or even computer-generated graphics. Over the past years, visual effects have become essential, particularly in advertising videos. Changes from one clip to the next can also be done using visual effects. Adding animations and design to your clips also counts as visual effects. The expertise required for visual effects is immense, and these are generally added by experienced visual effects professionals to the video. However, many portals also allow you to add visual effects when you edit videos online.
- Screen Division: This is also known as the lower third rule. The division of the screen into various sections is essential. As per the rules of filmmaking, the lower one-third of the screen should contain the least distracting information in any still. That’s why it is observed that when there are no other elements present on the screen, the lower third of the screen is generally kept empty. This part of the still is usually reserved for text, subtitles, and captions. The rest of the screen can contain the bulk of the elements you wish to present, such as the subject of the clip.
- Colour: Colour correction is essential in helping make your film as viewable as possible, and helping elevate the viewing experience of your audience. It is important that the various clips added one after the other in the video all look uniform. The clips may have been shot under different ambient or indoor light conditions, and it may hence be difficult for them to seem compatible. Colour correction helps not just make consecutive scenes seem uniform, but also to differentiate among different scenes of your film. Colour correction is among the fundamental concepts taught when imparting knowledge of video editing for beginners. Any editor is expected to be very strong in this department of filmmaking.
- Start and End: The beginning and the end of your video are extremely important. The beginning of the video is the main governing factor behind how much the viewer of the video will stay attached to it. The video’s ending must be decided beforehand to give your video a definite direction and keep it under the time limit set. You must also set a title slide and ending slide that matches the overall theme of your film and does not stand out too much.
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These were the essential tips to guide you through the process of post-production. Post-production can be long and gruelling, but it can pay rich dividends for all involved with the film if done right. A number of online film creation software can also guide you through the whole process of post-production and help you make the best version of your film.