SYDNEY — Australia said on Monday it will reopen its borders to vaccinated travelers this month, ending two years of misery for the tourism sector, reviving migration and injecting billions of dollars into one of the world’s biggest economies.
The move effectively calls time on the border closure component of Australia’s response to the Covid-19 pandemic, which it says has helped keep death and infection rates relatively low. The other core strategy, stop-start lockdowns, was shelved for good in December.
The country had taken steps in recent months to relax border controls, like allowing in skilled migrants and quarantine-free travel arrangements — “travel bubbles” — with select countries like New Zealand.
But the reopening, which takes effect on Feb. 21, represents the first time since March 2020 that people can travel to Australia from anywhere in the world, as long as they are vaccinated.
“If you’re double-vaccinated, we look forward to welcoming you back to Australia,” Prime Minister Scott Morrison said at a media briefing in Canberra.
The tourism industry, which has relied on the domestic market that has itself been heavily impacted by movement restrictions, welcomed the decision, which comes three months before Morrison is due to face an election.
“Over the two years since the borders have been closed, the industry has been on its knees,” Peter Shelley, managing director of the Australian Tourism Export Council, said by phone.
“Now we can turn our collective efforts towards rebuilding an industry that is in disrepair,” he added.
Tourism and Transport Forum CEO Margy Osmond said the industry was “thrilled” by the reopening, but would need coordination to ensure Australia was competitive as a destination.
“It’s not as simple as just turning on the tap and we see numbers of international tourists back where they were pre-Covid,” she told reporters.
International and domestic tourism losses since the start of the pandemic totaled A$101.7 billion ($72 billion), according to government body Tourism Research Australia. International travel spending in Australia plunged from A$44.6 billion in the 2018-19 financial year to A$1.3 billion in 2020-21, TRA said.
Shares of tourism-related stocks soared as investors cheered the prospect of a return to profit growth. Shares of the country’s main airline, Qantas Airways, jumped 5 percent, while shares of travel agent Flight Center Travel Group surged 8 percent.
Qantas CEO Alan Joyce said in a statement the company was looking at flight schedules to determine ways to restart flights from more international locations soon.
Download the NBC News app for breaking news and politics
Australia’s reopening contrasts with plans in New Zealand, where Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern said last week that the border will remain closed to some travelers until October. A phased reopening will begin on Feb. 27 to allow in vaccinated New Zealanders traveling from Australia, followed by New Zealand citizens in the rest of the world, foreign vaccinated backpackers and some skilled workers, and up to 5,000 international students. Tourists from Australia and other visa-free countries, including the United States, will be allowed to enter New Zealand starting in July.
As elsewhere in the world, Australian Covid cases have soared in recent weeks due to the omicron variant of the coronavirus, which medical experts say may be more transmissible but less virulent than previous versions.
But with more than nine in 10 Australians over 16 fully vaccinated, new cases and hospitalizations appear to have slowed, the authorities say.
The country reported just over 23,000 new infections on Monday, its lowest for 2022 and far from a peak of 150,000 around a month ago.
Morrison meanwhile said the government would send up to 1,700 Australian Defense Force personnel to fill staffing shortages in the elder care sector, following complaints of understaffing and fatigue due to increased pressures brought by the pandemic.
Around 2.4 million cases have been recorded in Australia since the first omicron case was detected there in November. Until then, Australia had only counted around 200,000 cases. Total deaths stood at 4,248 since the pandemic began.