Brazil saw a 61 percent surge in murders of Indigenous people last year, study shows

BRASILIA – Violence against Brazil’s indigenous people increased last year as land disputes and invasions into their reservations increased and the government failed to provide protection, the Catholic Church’s Indigenous Mission Council said Thursday.

Its annual report on violence against the descendants of Brazil’s indigenous peoples said there were 182 murders of indigenous peoples in 2020, compared to 113 murders in 2019, an increase of 61 percent.

263 land invasions were reported, an “alarming” increase of 137 percent compared to the number of invaders in indigenous territory last year.

The report accused the government of failing to protect indigenous communities while pushing for laws that would open their reservations to commercial mining, oil and gas exploration and hydropower construction.

Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro, who once praised U.S. Army Cavalry Colonel George Armstrong Custer for clearing the plains of the indigenous people, criticized reservations for occupying valuable land and said he would not grant an inch of land to indigenous people Communities is claimed. There are powerful agricultural interests behind him.

Critics say his comments encouraged illegal miners, squatters and loggers, whose invasions into reservation areas have exacerbated the spread of the coronavirus. According to official information, over 800 indigenous people have died of Covid-19, which only counts deaths in reservations and not among indigenous peoples in Brazil’s cities.

Your land claims are paralyzed. Of the 1,289 reservations in Brazil, 832 are awaiting official recognition.

In the second year of Bolsonaro’s government, an “extremely worrying scenario” has worsened over the rights, territories and lives of indigenous peoples, the report said.

The Presidency did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Brazil has a population of 900,000 indigenous peoples, a third of whom have moved from reservations to urban areas.

follow NBC Latino At Facebook, Twitter and Instagram.

Leave a Comment