ROME – The G20 heads of state and government will support measures to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius at their summit, which ends in Rome on Sunday.
According to a G20 official, the agreement was signed on Sunday morning – after nightly talks between diplomats – while the heads of state and government met to discuss climate change.
The text that POLITICO saw commits the Heads of State or Government to “take further action in this decade and formulate, implement, update and, if necessary, improve our contributions for 2030”, on which they agreed that they were needed to keep the lower temperature target of the Paris Agreement “within reach”.
The agreement in Rome was widely seen as an important step in the run-up to the UN climate summit COP26, which began at the same time as the conclusion in Glasgow.
“The decisions we make today will have a direct impact on the success of the Glasgow Summit and ultimately on our ability to cope with the climate crisis,” said Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi, host of the G20, on Sunday.
The heads of state and government agreed to stop international public funding of new coal-fired power plants by the end of this year, but were unable to reach an agreement on phasing out coal power or stop building new coal-fired power plants.
Coal has been one of the most competitive issues between countries, with China, Australia, India and Russia resisting pressure from European and British diplomats to make a firm statement to end the use of the most polluting fossil fuel ahead of COP26.
David M. Herszenhorn contributed to the reporting.
This article has been updated with more details of the agreement.