Muslims are now entering the last week of Ramadan, the Islamic month of fasting, prayer and giving.
Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar and celebrates Mohammed receiving the Quran.
It requires that Muslims not eat and drink – including water – in daylight, focus on prayers, and do charity.
This year’s festival was very different from normal. The usual post-sunset gatherings for meals known as Iftar must be cut back, while mosques are also closed due to social distancing measures.
This year Ramadan started on April 23 and ends on Sunday (May 24).
The data changes every year because the lunar calendar of Islam follows the phases of the moon.
How does Ramadan end?
Ramadan ends on Sunday (May 24th) at sunset, when the celebration and festival Eid al-Fitr begin.
Eid could have started on Saturday evening, but demanded that the new moon – the arrival of Shawwal, the next Islamic month – be seen on Friday evening.
The Supreme Court of Saudi Arabia confirmed on Friday (May 22) that the moon had not been discovered due to the weather conditions, which pushed Eid back.
Ramadan can only last a maximum of 30 days, so Eid cannot start later than Sunday.
Some Muslim communities base their Eid al-Fitr celebrations on seeing the moon over Mecca in Saudi Arabia, while others trust that it will be discovered closer to where they live.
This means that celebrations around the world can vary by 24 hours.
As a 24-hour festival, Eid al-Fitr includes what means “festival of breaking the fast”.
Overall, the celebrations can last three days as Muslims traditionally meet with friends and family to thank Allah for helping them to end their fasting.
Lights, decorations and gifts play an important role in the celebrations.
However, it cannot begin until the crescent, which means the beginning of Shawwal’s next lunar month, has been discovered.