How strong your handshake is says a lot about your health

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How strong your handshake is says a lot about your health

The human hand is remarkable. Not only does it allow us to throw, grab, climb, and pick up things, but it can also be a measure of health. Using handgrip strength, which is used to rate how much force a person can generate with their grip, researchers can understand more than just aStrength of the personYou can also know how quickly and evenly a person is agingdiagnose certain health conditionslike heart disease and cancer.

Grip strength is usually tested with a dynamometer, which a person grasps as they are holding a glass with the elbow tucked into the side and positioned at a right angle. The instrument is then pressed for about five seconds. The test is done on both hands, usually three bruises on each hand, and then the average is taken. Men between the ages of 20-30 usually have that greatest strengthwhile women over 75 have the lowest. In people aged 20-29 years, average grip strength is 46 kg for men and 29 kg for women. This decreases to 39 kg and 23.5 kg when a person is 60-69 years old.

Research shows that a grip strength that was below average when compared to people of the same sex and age was associated with this Risk of heart failurewhere lower strength is indicated harmful changes in the structure and function of the heart. Similarly, research has shown that a weaker grip strength is a strong predictor from Cardiac death, Death from any cause and hospitalization for heart failure.

Grip strength can also be useful in predicting cancer survival. Although survival is based on other factors such as the type of cancer and when it was diagnosed, one study found that patients were more likely to do so survive non-small cell lung cancer The greater their grip strength was.

The diagnosis of colon, prostate, or lung cancer in men, and breast and lung cancer in women is associated with one Reduced grip strength by five kilograms in people aged 60-69. This decrease in grip strength was also linked to a higher chance of death from colon cancer in men and breast cancer in women.

Obesity is also linked to a weaker grip in later life. The presence of fat in and around the muscles reduces muscle efficiency. Current work on the topic Diabetes and grip strength has also shown that people who develop type 2 diabetes have weaker grip strength. This is likely caused by the presence of fat in the muscles, which makes them less efficient at their work – which in turn increases inactivity and worsens muscle breakdown.

The grip strength decreases with age. Research shows that as a body loses muscle mass how we age The grip strength decreases. Aging leads to a decrease in muscle mass (and function) in a rating of 1% per year from middle age. This can lead to a loss of up to 50% of muscle mass by the ages of 80-90.

However, aging progresses at different rates in different people. This means that if signals don’t, grip strength can decrease due to age-related changes in the nervous system travel so fastor from muscle loss in the arms. Another study found that decreased grip strength in older adults is associated with this lower cognitive function.

Muscle loss

The loss of muscle tissue occurs all over the body as we develop certain health conditions and as we age. However, it can be difficult to measure strength in many places, which is why the hands are so useful. Their ability to produce both fine and force movements makes them a good indicator of overall health.

With illness (including heart disease, diabetes, and cancer) our muscles’ ability to contract to create strength and their ability to function and move decreases. This results from one or a combination of factors such as B. decreased function of the heart to allow movement or prolonged movement, decreased efficiency of muscles, fatigue or muscle wasting. Less muscle function also leads to loss of muscle tissue – and that loss of tissue then also leads to decreased muscle strength and the inability to do as much. Certain health conditions can also lead to fatigue, which makes us less likely to move and exercise, leading to a cycle of further muscle loss and strength loss.

Cancer, in particular, can limit the functioning of our digestive system and make it difficult to consume food Reduce appetite. The foods we eat – protein in particular – are especially important for maintaining muscle mass and strength. Without the right nutrition to drive us and give us energy, the body has to use its internal reserves to generate energy. One of the most important ways is to burn unused tissue – and muscles are a popular fuel in this situation. The loss of body mass depletes the body’s natural stores and possibly its ability to sustain an ongoing chronic illness.

One of the most important things people can do to maintain their health and improve – or at least maintain muscle strength – is exercise. The body has an approach to tissue that breaks muscles down when not in use. For example, it is known that patients will get Go after the operation prevents and reduces muscle and bone loss duration of the stay in the hospital.

Either way, a strong handshake can reveal more information about you than you might think.

Adam Taylor, Professor and Director of the Clinical Anatomy Learning Center, Lancaster University

This article is republished by The conversation under a Creative Commons license. read this original article.

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