IBM: Imagine charging your cell phone battery every four days instead of plugging it into the power outlet every day, so you don’t have to worry about power outages. This is what the new chip with a diameter of 2 nanometers has developed IBM promises, unveiled last Thursday (6).
The world’s first 2 nm chip has been developed over four years using nanosheet technology. According to the computer giant, it is possible to add up to 50 billion transistors in a component the size of a fingernail.
This increase in the number of transistors per chip makes them “smaller, faster, more reliable and more efficient”, according to the company. In addition, it enables the launch of improved processors to enhance the resources used in jobs related to cloud computing, artificial intelligence, and cryptography, among others.
The 2 nm chip of IBM has 75% lower power consumption than the 7nm chips used in mobile phones such as iPhone 11, Google Pixel 5 and Samsung Galaxy S10. The company says it is also designed to boost device performance by 45%.
When will it be available?
In addition to providing up to four times longer battery life for the mobile phone, the small part benefits a variety of other devices. On computers, it can speed up processing and optimize tasks such as opening software, simultaneous translation and Internet access.
Autonomous cars will also be able to take advantage of some benefits, improving the speed of the object detection system. In data centers, which account for 1% of global energy consumption, the option for 2 nm processors will significantly reduce energy consumption.
But it will take time to enjoy these and other benefits. The company expects to start production of the new chip between 2024 and 2025. The first devices with the technology would then hit the market.