A woman was reportedly executed by her own daughter in Iran under a death penalty law that allows children to take revenge on their parents in the name of “justice”.
Maryam Karimi and her father Ebrahim killed their husband 13 years ago, who was violent and abusive towards her but refused to consent to a divorce.
The authorities arrested her and charged her with “mediated murder” for her part in the crime. She had spent more than a decade behind bars before her execution last week.
Maryam’s daughter, who was six at the time of the murder, refused to forgive her mother and was allowed to attend the execution on March 13 this year.
She was executed after she was charged with “retaliation in kind” known in Iran as “qisas” or “an eye for an eye” in the Islamic Republic.
Commenting on the case, activist and journalist Aram Bolandpaz said: “Four decades of brainwashing in schools, extreme punishment in Iranian society and a patriarchal regime mean that Maryam’s daughter was raised to ensure that her mother’s execution was a victory for a man whether it was for her father or for the oppressive regime.
“Qisas is inhuman, wild and cruel, no matter where in the world. For a country that prioritizes the rights of unborn babies and emphasizes that life is the most precious phenomenon, how can the Islamic Republic seize someone’s life in such a terrible way? “
Qisas requires the victim’s next of kin to be present at the execution, and they are actively encouraged to carry out the execution themselves.
Maryam’s father, Ebrahim, was brought in by authorities to see her body hanging, but it has not been confirmed why the authorities did not give him the death penalty.
Iranian Human Rights Director Mahmood Amiry-Moghaddam said: “The laws of the Islamic Republic make a girl whose father was murdered as a child the executioner of her own mother. The Islamic Republic is the leading proponent of violence in Iranian society today. “
The continued use of qisas and the proliferation of the death penalty in Iran also sparked calls by Iranian human rights to halt the process as it “encourages further violence and cruelty across the Islamic Republic”.
Qisas’s death sentence was upheld under Iran’s 2019 Islamic Criminal Code for murder crimes.
Qisa’s death sentences are also applied to juvenile offenders, while Sharia law sets the age of criminal responsibility at 9 years for girls and 15 years for boys.
In 2019, 225 executions were carried out as qisas, of which 68 were carried out in a prison alone and 4 of those executions involved people who were teenagers at the time of the crime.