According to the World Health Organization (WHO), autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a disease related to interaction and social behavior that begins in childhood and lasts throughout life. Symptoms appear in the child 3 to 5 months after birth. This is a disease in which children can harm themselves even if there is no communication. It is a group of many brain-related deficiencies where the patient has problems ranging from informal to social behavior.
Today is World Autism Day. Know from board-certified behavioral analyst Dr. Priyanka Bapna Bhabu, how people with autism can live a normal life …
Up to 40% of children can lead a normal life
So far no clear cause has been found for this disease, nor has any treatment been found. However, a child suffering from autism can improve with multiple therapies. 20 to 40% of affected children can live as normal people with the help of therapy.
One child for every 58
This is a disease where the severity of the symptoms can be measured by looking at the intensity of the symptoms. According to a report released in 2018, one in 58 children in the world is vulnerable to the disease. In children, the disease can be diagnosed at 18 months of age.
Improvement possible with scientific therapy
According to the American Academy of Pediatrics and the National Research Council, behavioral and communication therapy can improve victims to a great extent.
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Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA): In this therapy, children learn about each step related to behavior and response.
Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention (EIBI): This therapy is used in children under 5 years of age. Practices such as anger and self-injury are overcome with the High Teaching Approach.
Early Start Denver Model (ESDM): Using this model, children in the age group 12 to 48 months are taught social, language-related and coordinating activities between brain and body.
Occupational therapy: useful in daily activities.