According to scientists, this year saw the world’s hottest September ever.
According to experts from the EU’s Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S), surface air temperature was 0.05 ° C warmer last month than in 2019, making it the hottest September ever in the world.
It was also the hottest September in Europe, beating the previous record for the continent in 2018 by around 0.2 ° C.
In other parts of the world, including the Middle East, parts of South America and Australia, temperatures were well above average, the scientists said.
And temperatures in the Siberian Arctic remained warmer than average, continuing a hot period that has affected parts of the region since the spring.
Monitoring by C3S also confirms that the average Arctic sea ice extent in September – the month it is lowest after the summer melt before freezing again in winter – was the second lowest in the month after 2012.
The C3S, implemented by the European Center for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), monitors global and European climates and creates computer-generated analyzes using billions of measurements from satellites, ships, aircraft and weather stations around the world.
Carlo Buontempo, Director of the Copernicus Climate Change Service at ECMWF, said: “In June and July, in the same region where temperatures were above average, there was an unusually rapid decline in Arctic sea ice extent, which required the sea ice minimum to be particularly low this year .
“The combination of record temperatures and low Arctic sea ice in 2020 shows the importance of improved and more comprehensive monitoring in a region that is warming faster than anywhere else in the world.”