Signs of heatstroke you need to be aware of and how to treat it

As the weather gets hotter, it’s important to watch out for heat injuries

As summer approaches and the rules for banning Covid continue to ease, many of us will want to spend more time enjoying the sunshine.

But there are also major health risks when the weather gets hotter.

In heat stroke, the body fails to control its temperature and becomes dangerously overheated.

Heat stroke can occur within a few minutes and lead to loss of consciousness.

The person may feel dizzy, have a headache, and appear restless or confused.

Without adequate treatment, heat stroke can damage the brain, heart, kidneys, and muscles.

Heat stroke can be dangerous and needs urgent treatment. Hence, it is important to know the signs.

Symptoms of heat stroke

A forerunner of heat stroke is heat exhaustion.

Heat exhaustion is less severe, and symptoms usually improve as the person cools down.

However, if heat exhaustion turns into heat stroke, this is an emergency and you should see a doctor.

The NHS says the sign of Heat exhaustion lock in:

  • a headache
  • Dizziness and confusion
  • Loss of appetite and nausea
  • excessive sweating and pale, clammy skin
  • Cramps in the arms, legs and stomach
  • rapid breathing or pulsation
  • Temperature of 38 ° C or higher
  • intense thirst

The NHS warns that a person can suffer heatstroke If you:

  • Still suffer from symptoms after 30 minutes
  • have a temperature that has risen to 40 ° C or higher
  • feel hot and dry
  • don’t sweat even though they’re too hot
  • quick or short of breath
  • appear confused
  • lose consciousness
  • have a seizure or seizure
  • do not respond

If you suspect someone is having heat stroke, do so Phone for an ambulance.

What to do if someone has heat stroke

  1. Make sure the person concerned is in a cool place. Indoor is best, but at least dwarfed. Take off as much of your outerwear as possible. Phone for an ambulance. If possible, use a fan while you wait.
  2. Cover the person with a cool, damp sheet and keep moistening them. Take its temperature frequently and keep doing it until it drops to 38 ° C.
  3. When their temperature has dropped to this level, remove the damp leaf and replace it with a dry one.
  4. Reassure the patient until help arrives.

How to Prevent Heat Stroke

In hot weather there is a high risk of being hit by heat exhaustion and heat shock.

Some things you can do to prevent this from happening are:

  • drink a lot of cold drinks, especially when you are exercising
  • wear light, loose clothing
  • Avoid getting out in the sun during the hottest time of the day – 11am and 3pm
  • shower cool
  • Avoid drinking too much alcohol
  • Avoid extreme exercises


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