Joe Biden is due to be sworn in as U.S. President today, but he won’t be celebrating long – service calls.
The new chairman will sign executive orders on a variety of topics, including fulfilling promises he made during his campaign.
The 78-year-old has a fairly detailed business assignment to complete that will include:
Mr Biden requires the use of masks and social distancing in all federal buildings, in federal states, and by federal employees and contractors.
Wearing a mask consistently is a practice science has shown to be effective in preventing the spread of the coronavirus, especially when it is difficult to maintain social distancing.
He urges all Americans to wear a mask for the first 100 days of his term in office. This is a critical time as communities will still be vulnerable to the virus as the pace of vaccination accelerates to meet Mr Biden’s goal of getting 100 million Covid vaccinations in 100 days.
World Health Organization:
Mr Biden is also instructing the government to re-join the World Health Organization, which Donald Trump withdrew earlier this year after accusing it of incompetence and bowing to Chinese pressure over the coronavirus.
Jeff Zients, White House Coronavirus Coordinator, announced that Dr. Anthony Fauci will address the WHO on Thursday as head of a US delegation. Dr. Fauci, the government’s foremost infectious disease expert, will outline how the government intends to work with WHO on reforms, helping the coronavirus response, and promoting global health and security.
Paris Climate Agreement:
Mr Biden will sign an executive order to resume the Paris Climate Agreement, thereby fulfilling an election promise to rejoin the global climate pact on the first day. A proponent of oil, gas and coal, Mr Trump had made it a priority to end global efforts to reduce climate-damaging fossil fuel emissions.
It will be 30 days before the US is officially back.
Reviewing Trump Rollbacks:
Mr Biden’s plan for the first day also includes a temporary moratorium on the Trump administration’s new leasing of oil and gas at the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, which includes the revocation of a presidential permit for the Keystone XL oil and gas pipeline and the review of a The Trump administration’s freeze on vehicle mileage and emissions sets standards. Mr Biden is also launching an assessment of another Trump move that lifts the boundaries and protection of some national monuments.
Agencies are instructed to consider the effects of climate change on disadvantaged communities and future generations as a new requirement due to regulatory measures affecting fossil fuel emissions.
End travel ban:
Mr. Biden ends the so-called “travel ban”, one of the first acts of the Trump administration. In January 2017, Mr Trump banned foreigners from seven predominantly Muslim countries from entering the country. After a lengthy court battle, a watered-down version of the rule was upheld by the Supreme Court in a 5-4 decision in 2018.
The new government says it will improve visitor screening by increasing information sharing with overseas governments and other measures.
Mr Biden immediately ends the national emergency Mr Trump declared on the border in February 2018 to divert billions of dollars from the Department of Defense to the building of the Wall. He is also stopping construction to review contracts and how wall funds could be diverted.
Despite Mr Trump’s repeated promises that Mexico would pay for the wall, Americans have tied up $ 15 billion for more than 700 miles, according to U.S. Customs and Border Protection. It is unclear how many miles are under contract and what penalties the government would pay for their cancellation.
The Supreme Court held arguments on Feb.22 over the legality of Trump’s diversion of Defense Department funds to control narcotics and military construction projects to build the Wall.
Mr Biden will order his cabinet to work to preserve the DACA (Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals) program, which has protected hundreds of thousands of people who came to the country as young children from deportation since its inception in 2012.
Mr Trump ordered an end to the DACA in 2017 and sparked a legal challenge that ended in June when the Supreme Court ruled it should be maintained because the Trump administration failed to follow federal rules-setting guidelines to reverse them. However, DACA continues to face legal challenges.
In his proclamation to the presidency, Mr. Biden calls on Congress to pass laws that give DACA recipients permanent legal status and a path to citizenship. Around 700,000 people are currently enrolled.
Mr Biden is repealing one of Mr Trump’s first executive orders, which stated that all of the roughly 11 million people in the country are illegally considered a priority for deportation. The Department of Homeland Security will conduct an enforcement priority review. Mr Biden’s campaign page said the deportations will focus on threats to national security and public safety.
The order says nothing about a 100-day moratorium on deportation that Mr Biden promised during the election campaign. Susan Rice, who heads the White House Home Affairs Council, says any decision on moratoriums would come from the Homeland Security Service.
Mr Biden is reversing a Trump plan to illegally exclude people in the country from the 2020 census. The once-a-decade census is used to determine how many congressional seats and electoral college votes each state will receive, as well as the distribution of $ 1.5 trillion in federal spending each year.
Mr. Biden’s team says the new administration will ensure that the Census Bureau has time to do an accurate census for each state and that the division is “fair and accurate”.
Mr Biden also suggests laws granting green cards and a path to citizenship to everyone in the United States before January 1, 2021, an estimated 11 million people.
Most would have to wait eight years to obtain citizenship, but those participating in the Delayed Arrival of Children Program for young immigrants and granted temporary protection status to escape from conflict-ridden countries would only wait three years.
Other provisions shorten the time many people outside the US wait for green cards, provide development aid to Central America, and reduce the 1.2 million backlog of immigration courts.
Mr Biden is asking the Department of Education to extend a hiatus on federal student loan disbursements to at least September 30 to continue a moratorium that began at the beginning of the pandemic but should expire in late January.
Borrowers who collectively owe $ 1.5 trillion would not be required to make payments on their federal student loans, their loans would not earn interest, and all debt collection activities would cease through September.
Congress suspended student debt payments in March last year as part of a virus relief package, and the Trump administration extended it twice.
Mr Biden’s order does not include the type of bulk debt that some Democrats have asked him to orchestrate through executive action. He said the action should come from Congress.
Foreclosures on housing
Foreclosures and evictions from housing would be delayed until at least March 31, 2021. Almost 12% of homeowners with mortgages are late with their payments, while 19% of renters are behind schedule, according to a survey by the Census Bureau among households.
The federal moratoriums would ensure people can stay in their homes even when they can’t afford their monthly bills. Mr. Biden also urges Congress to provide assistance to the tenants. While the moratoriums helped millions of Americans during the pandemic and helped contain the disease, they also resulted in billions of dollars in housing bills not being paid.