From today, new rules in England mean that businesses have to close to 10pm and members of the public face steeper fines if they do not stick to social distancing rules.
The measures were introduced as Prime Minister Boris Johnson warned we could face six months of restrictions as new cases of Covid-19 rise.
This morning EU health commissioner Stella Kyriakides warned: “We are at a decisive moment. All member states must be ready to roll out control measures, immediately and at the right time, at the very first sign of potential new outbreaks.
The UK’s chief scientific advisor, Sir Patrick Vallance, warned we could be on the same path as France and Spain, which both saw their deadliest days in months last week.
French health authorities have warned they are at a “tipping point”, with demand on hospital beds rising at the highest rate since the end of lockdown.
The picture is equally bleak in Spain, where last Thursday there were 239 new deaths reported – the deadliest day since July.
Yesterday France recorded 62 Covid-19 deaths, after alarming data on Friday revealed 154 had died after contracting the virus – a four month high.
Health minister Olivier Veran said the country is being divided into zones by alert level with Marseille put on the “maximum” alert level.
Paris, Lille, and Toulouse are among nine cities declared “reinforced danger zones”, Veran added.
“Should the sanitary situation worsen further in those areas, then a state of health emergency would be put in place”, he stated.
Gatherings for major events are limited to 1,000, while bars are told they must shut at 10pm.
Aiming to avoid a new national lockdown, the French government made face masks compulsory in enclosed public spaces back in July.
In Paris, anyone aged 11 and older must wear a mask in public.
Last Thursday the daily death toll in Spain rose to its highest level since April, with 239 fatalities confirmed.
The Spanish government has cracked down on the use of masks, with face coverings mandatory for anyone older than six on all forms of public transport and in most indoor areas.
Most parts of Spain have enforced the wearing of masks outside as well. Children are also being asked to wear masks at school.
Authorities have favoured the use of local lockdowns, with 27 areas in Madrid placed under increased restrictions.
After relatively few cases early on, Covid-19 began to rise in Denmark in August, prompting guidance to make face masks on public transport mandatory.
Similarly to the UK, bars, restaurants and nightclubs have been told the must close by 10pm.
The same curfew is applied to private parties, including wedding receptions.
The country has had to put on hold plans for widespread reopenings after a surge in cases.
Face masks are compulsory in all public areas.
Nightclubs remain closed, major events including festivals are still not allowed, and while fans are permitted back into football games, it is at a limited capacity only.
With the virus resurgence, authorities ordered all nightclubs and dance halls to close.
In all public spaces in Italy where social distancing is not possible, people must wear face coverings – but only between the hours of 6pm and 6am.
Meanwhile, schools have reopened, despite officials in many regions calling the step premature.
After largely declaring the battle won, and with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu urging people to “have fun”, Israel has suffered an intense resurgence of Covid-19 which has triggered strict measures.
The nation last week began a second country-wide lockdown, with schools, restaurants, malls, hotels and other businesses all ordered to shut.
The lockdown is expected to last three weeks. Protests have been held against the measure, but new rules addressing these say they must be limited to groups of up to 20 people, with participants not allowed to travel more than one kilometre from their home to take part.
The country has extended its ban on large gatherings until the end of the year.
Testing at airports is mandatory for all people arriving from high-risk countries.
Fines starting from 50 euros (£46) have been brought in for anyone failing to wear a mask on public transport or in shops.
The Bundesliga was able to start its new football season last weekend, but with no fans present.
This is another country with different rules in different states.
The state of Victoria reacted to a resurgence in cases by imposing a second state-wide lockdown in July.
With that lockdown still in place, protests have broken out regularly in the past few weeks.
Businesses across the country have been allowed to reopen, but have been told they must ensure social distancing rules are obeyed.