The predetermined frameworks and regulations for space studies may need to be renewed with ever-expanding studies. Experts have different opinions on this matter.
In the past, space studies stood out as a field of science that governments competed with. While the activities of private companies have gained momentum in recent years, the activities of institutions such as NASA, ESA and JAXA have also increased.
There are many Mars journeys, Lunar missions and many other works that will be carried out in many other spaces that are planned in 2021. Drawing the framework of these works and setting the ground rules stands out as a whole different adventure.
Would Galactic Government Be Real?
The goal of space studies maybe a few years later isn’t to establish colonies, but long-term plans certainly include colonies on planets, especially Mars, and asteroid mining. How to manage these discoveries is already a matter of debate.
SpaceX CEO Elon Musk is also one of the foremost known space pioneers. We even had the opportunity to get to know his ideas about the management of the Mars colony. Musk already stands out as one of those preparing infrastructure for space laws.
Spacex’s Starlink User Agreement stated that Mars should be recognized as a ‘free planet’ and that governments on Earth have no discretion over Mars’ activities.
Act like a Martian on Mars
So how will potential conflicts on Mars be resolved? According to Starlink’s user agreement, disputes will be resolved with the principle of self-management. This system, which will be established in good faith, will apply to settlements on Mars.
According to Randy Segal of Hogan Lovells, an international law firm, having laws on Mars isn’t a bad idea. According to Segal, who says many countries in today’s world compete with each other on rights and regulation, Musk is thinking in an area that no one is really looking at by dabbling over the law.
According to Segal, Mars must have its own laws when someone colonizes Mars. It is very important that someone takes responsibility instead of everyone trying to say something about Mars.
Constitution of Mars
If you bring people from Earth to Mars, rules must also be made for Mars. As a result, these rules can be one set of rules instead of being set individually for each country. A similar situation applies to studies such as the International Space Station. Astronauts and cosmonauts follow the same rules regardless of country.
Segal said many reporters are focusing on what Musk said when considered a concept, but the point to essentially consider is to evaluate what would happen if there were more than one line for Mars.
We had a galactic civilization, what happened to that?
Looking at it in its simplest form, there are 3 different scenarios in front of us. In the first scenario, the scenario in which countries have regions and the laws of the countries are in effect in these regions. A Kind of Colonization of America vol. 2 scenarios ie.
The second alternative is that the colonists, in this case Musk, are also the rulers. This leads to a different scenario: can he decide on all of Mars? Or will different settlers rule their colonies?
The last scenario is that Mars rules have already been written on Earth. Countries or specially selected boards can do this. So although the constitution is written here, the laws of Mars that apply to the entire planet may have been determined.
Renovation to Artemis
Donald Rothwell, a law professor at the University of Sydney, argues that the Artemis contract, drawn up in 1967 under sponsorship from NASA, should be renewed. This agreement was, in effect, an agreement that established the legal and ethical boundaries of space studies and established a compromise between agencies. A similar situation may apply to other studies.
Rothwell also says companies like SpaceX and Blue Origin, which are currently working on the terms of the deal, have already started pushing the terms of the deal. These US-based companies are now acting in accordance with national laws established by the US in accordance with international laws and agreements.
As a result, studies on space, especially Mars and the Moon, will pave the way for answering these questions by a wider audience in the future. How do you think the management will be carried out when colonies are established on Mars?