In the fall, the first frost of the growing season could wipe out much of the summer’s late-blooming garden favorites, but that doesn’t mean the growth has to stop.
In fact, there are numerous vegetables and leafy greens that can thrive in cooler weather without pests such as a Phids, cabbage worms, and white butterflies aiming at your brassicas.
The start of the season is a great time to reap the rewards of your summer labor, with Zucchini, tomatoes, lettuce, cucumber and runner beans are ready for harvest.
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Late-fruiting apples, pears, pumpkins, and leeks could all be moving towards their final harvest date.
But autumn is also a time of
Life and growth
. The soil can still be warm enough to plant onions like crocuses for spring, but it should also be perfect for autumn growing vegetables.
Which vegetables can you grow in autumn?
The main vegetables that are cold tolerant enough to survive a harsh UK winter are onions, shallots, autumn-planted garlic, green onions, and carrots.
When planted in the fall, these vegetables have a chance to nestle and establish themselves before they start growing in the spring.
Onions that are sown from September to October require little space and can easily overwinter outdoors in almost all conditions.
Robust varieties of garlic are also a top choice for plants that will be grown in the fall for the next year. ‘Extra Early Wight’ is incredibly cold-resistant and can be ready to harvest by the end of May.
With an RHS Award of Garden Merit in its name, the ‘White Lisbon’ spring onion variety is a great choice for a spring onion that will turn out most winters. It matures quickly and should be ready for your kitchen by early spring.
For a very early harvest in spring, it is often recommended to plant hardy carrots under cloches between November and December. The autumn sowing is called ‘Nantes Frubund’ and is quickly becoming a favorite with gardeners across the country.
Although not a vegetable, you can grow oriental lettuce leaves such as komatsuna, mibuna, mizuna. They produce leaves throughout the season and even into winter if they are covered with a cold frame or fleece.
Alternatively, Mizuna can also be an attractive addition to the windowsill indoors in small containers.