Even before the coronavirus became a global pandemic, some astute watchers of Racial and Ethnic Politics feared that the emerging outbreak in China would lead (and already contributed) an increase in anti-Asian sentiment in America. After all, the United States has one long and ugly story Scapegoating racist and ethnic groups in any way for disease which are used to justify xenophobia.
Unfortunately, it didn’t take long for these fears to be felt. Racial harassment online, verbal assault in public, and physical assault against Asian Americans everything was surging by doing Start time the pandemic and have remained alarmingly high since then. Indeed, anti-Asian hate crimes are in the US increased by almost 150 percent from 2019 to 2020.
But it took a while the murder of six Atlanta women of Asian descent in March for many to finally realize the severity of the problem. According to Google Trends data, Google likes to search “Asian Americans” and “Violence Against Asian Americans” shot up after shooting. Likewise, the proportion of respondents in Last week’s YouGov / Economist poll Anyone who said there was “a lot” of discrimination against Asians (33 percent) has doubled since then YouGov asked asked this question in March 2020 Reports of COVID-19 Related Setbacks against Asian Americans had first surfaced.
Of course, Asian Americans were much more aware of the growing problem as the target of this hatred. In one June 2020 Pew Research Center survey58 percent of Asian Americans said people were more likely to express racist or racially insensitive views about Asian people than they did before the coronavirus outbreak, compared with just 39 percent of all adults. And about half of those surveyed in AAPI Data’s Asian American Voter Survey 2020 They also said they were “very often” or “a little often” concerned about hate crime, harassment and discrimination based on COVID-19.
The effect of this hatred also has party-political effects. Asian Americans’ escalating fears of discrimination and harassment during the pandemic are likely to cement theirs strong support from the Democrats.
This is true for several reasons. First, perceptions of discrimination and feelings of social exclusion depend heavily on how Asian Americans vote. Take, for example, the relationship between Asian Americans who said they saw discrimination and how they said they would vote in the 2020 presidential election.
Over three-quarters of voters from Asia, America and the Pacific Islands who believed there was “a lot” or “a lot” of anti-Asian discrimination in the US supported Joe Biden against Donald Trump on a weekly basis Democracy Fund + UCLA Nationscape Surveys conducted from April to September 2020. But only 37 percent of Asian Americans who didn’t believe there was anti-Asian discrimination preferred Biden to Trump in the presidential election.
Political scientists Alexander Kuo, Neil Malhotra and Cecilia Mo. have argued Asian Americans who experience discrimination are more likely to support Democrats because they associate social exclusion with the predominantly white Republican Party because of their ethnic background. Take, for example, what Kuo, Malhotra, and Mo found in one experiment. Some participants were accidentally exposed to microaggression by a white lab assistant who questioned their citizenship before answering a survey that measured political attitudes. The Asian Americans exposed to the microaggression were 13 percentage points more likely than the control group to see the Democratic Party as positive.
This increase was also at the expense of respondents’ opinion of the Republican Party. That is, Asian Americans exposed to microaggression were more likely to say Republicans were open-minded and associated the party with exclusive treatment. That became much clearer during the pandemic.
Democratic politicians, for example, have consistently shown far greater concern than their Republican counterparts on the rise in hatred of Asian Americans during the pandemic – differences that were clearly seen in the 2020 presidential campaign. The then candidate Joe Biden forcibly sentenced President Trump’s repeated use of terms such as “Chinese virus” and “kung flu” to describe the coronavirus warns that such language could endanger Asian Americans.
There is also evidence to support these concerns. Two recent studies found that online hostility and offline Incidents of hatred against Asian Americans increases after Trump linked China and COVID-19 in his tweets;; Another study found that Trump labeled the pandemic as China’s fault increased anti-Asian sentiments and xenophobia in survey experiments; and there is also evidence that simple Republicans have become much more hostile Towards China During The Pandemic – Views That Warn experts pose a threat to all Asian Americans.
Overall, the prejudices Asian Americans experienced during the pandemic appear to have further cemented their already strong support for the Democratic Party. Political scientists Nathan Chan, Jae Yeon Kim and Vivien Leung analyze data from weekly Nationscape surveys conducted between July 2019 and May 2020 Asian Americans were moving more towards the Democratic Party than other racial and ethnic groups after Trump first made ethnically inflammatory remarks about the coronavirus. Chan and his colleagues inferred from their findings that the exclusive rhetoric of the partisan elites is “further cemented”[s] Asian Americans as Democrats. “
This certainly does not mean that social exclusion and experiences of discrimination are the only reasons Asian Americans have overwhelmingly supported Democrats. Nor is it possible to predict exactly how the rise in anti-Asian hatred during the pandemic will affect Asian-American partisanship in the long term. At the very least, Republican rhetoric about the pandemic and the surge in anti-Asian hatred over the past year seems to have cemented the long-standing connection between feelings of social exclusion among Asian Americans and their support for the Democratic Party.