European Union officials on Wednesday put forward proposals to curb the use of high-risk artificial intelligence, such as live facial scans, that could endanger the safety or human rights.
The draft regulation of the Executive Commission of the European Union contains rules for the use of the rapidly growing technology in activities such as the selection of school, work or loan applicants. They would directly prohibit artificial intelligence in some situations, such as social scoring and systems for manipulating human behavior.
The proposals are the latest step by the 27-nation bloc to maintain its role as global technology regulator. EU. Officials say they are taking a “risk-based approach” to balance the need to protect rights like data protection against the need to foster innovation.
“With these groundbreaking rules, the E.U. is leading the way in developing new global standards to ensure AI can be trusted, ”said Margrethe Vestager, European Commission Executive Vice President for the Digital Age, in a statement. “By setting standards, we can pave the way for ethical technology around the world and ensure that E.U. remains competitive along the way. “
The proposals also contain a general ban on “remote biometric identification”, such as the use of live face recognition in crowds in public places, with exceptions only for narrowly defined law enforcement purposes such as searching for a missing child or a wanted person.
The draft regulation says chatbots and deepfakes should be flagged so people know they are interacting with a machine.